Local Law Enforcement

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The local law enforcement locations feature class/ shapefile contains point location and tabular information pertaining to a wide range of law enforcement entities in the United States. Law Enforcement agencies “are publicly funded and employ at least one full-time or part-time sworn officer with general arrest powers”. This is the definition used by the US Department of Justice – Bureau of Justice Statistics (DOJ-BJS) for their Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies (CSLLEA). Unlike the previous version of this dataset, federal level law enforcement agencies are excluded from this effort.

Cropland Data Layer, 2020

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This layer displays the Cropland Data Layer (CDL) developed by the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The CDL is a raster, geo-referenced, crop-specific land cover data layer created annually for the continental United States using moderate resolution satellite imagery and extensive agricultural ground truth. The CDL has a ground resolution of 30 meters, and is validated using data from the USDA Farm Services Agency and United States Geological Survey. Historical CDL products are available for use and free for download through CropScape (https://nassgeodata.gmu.edu/CropScape/).

Childcare Facilities, 2020

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This feature class/shapefile contains locations of child day care centers for the 50 states of the USA, Washington D.C., and Puerto Rico.The dataset only includes center based child day care locations (including those located at schools and religious institutes) and does not include group, home, and family based child day cares. All the data was acquired from respective states departments or their open source websites and only contains data provided by these sources.

Hydrography – Rivers & Streams

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Hydrography depicts surface water, including rivers and streams, lakes and ponds, canals, coastlines, and many other water features. The Hydrography layer combines two data sets: the 2021 National Map Hydrographic Geodatabase (1:1,000,000 scale) for small to medium scales, and the 2016 National Hydrography Datataset (NHD) (1:24,000 scale) for large scale mapping. Hydrography is depicted in two layers. Rivers & Streams depicts linear hydrography, including rivers, streams, canals, pipes, and artificial paths (line networks through larger water bodies). Waterbodies includes area hydrography, including larger rivers, lakes, ponds, seas, bays, estuaries, etc.

Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes by County, 2014-2018

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This layer displays the number and rate of fatalities from motor vehicle crashes ccurring between 2015 and 2019, aggregated by county. Unlike typical mortality data, this data layer represents the location of the fatal crash, and not the county of the decedent’s residence.

FEMA Flood Hazard Zones

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The Flood Hazard Zones are extracted from the National Flood Hazard Layer, which is a database that contains FEMA’s flood hazard map data. The database contains flood hazard information and supporting data used to develop the information. The primary flood hazard classification is indicated in the Flood Hazard Zones layer.

Flood zones are geographic areas that FEMA has defined according to varying levels of flood risk and type of flooding. For complete information about different flood zone designations, please visit the Definitions of FEMA Flood Zones web page.

Flood Hazard Zone Descriptions:
  Floodway: The stream channel and that portion of the adjacent floodplain which must remain open to permit passage of the base flood.
  1% Annual Chance Flood Zone: The 100-year or base floodplain.
  0.2% Annual Chance Flood Zone: Area of moderate flood hazard, usually the area between the limits of the 100-year and 500-year floodplains, but also shallow flooding areas (< 1 foot) or flood zones for small drainage areas (< 1 square mile).
  Area with Reduced Risk Due to Levee: Areas protected by levees from the 100-year flood.
  1% Annual Chance Future Considerations: The 100-year floodplain based on anticipated future land-use conditions.
  Area of Undetermined Hazard: Area of undetermined but possible flood hazard, typically occurring in counties with partial flood studies.

This information was acquired by state-level release February, 2020. Data release dates by state range from December 07, 2016 (Vermont) to February 12, 2020 (Utah).

National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) Flowline

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The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is used to portray surface water. The NHD represents the drainage network with features such as rivers, streams, canals, lakes, ponds, coastline, etc. The principal components of the NHD are:

  • NHDFlowline: This is the fundamental flow network consisting predominantly of stream/river and artificial path vector features. It represents the spatial geometry, carries the attributes, models the water flow, and contains linear referencing measures for locating events on the network. Additional NHDFlowline features are canal/ditch, pipeline, connector, underground conduit, and coastline.
  • NHDArea: This feature class contains many additional features of water polygons. One of the more important is the stream/river feature. It represents the aerial extent of the water in a wide stream/river with a basic set of attributes. They typically contain NHDFlowline artificial paths that are used to model the stream/river. Artificial path carries the critical attributes of the stream/river, whereas NHDArea represents the geometric extent.
  • NHDWaterbody: Basic waterbodies such as lake/pond features are represented here. They portray the spatial geometry and the attributes of the feature. These water polygons may contain NHDFlowline artificial paths to allow the representation of water flow. Other NHDWaterbody features are swamp/marsh, reservoir, playa, estuary, and ice mass.

Internet Usage at Broadband Speeds

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This layer displays the percent of people who use the internet at broadband speeds (Greater than 25 MBPS download speed). Data is derived from the Microsoft data science and analytics team, using anonymized user data and aggregated to the county level. State level averages were calculated by CARES using county averages weighted by population.